Connections to the Philippine-American War

Historical content: 
American Imperialism
Historical skills: 
Background knowledge, Contextualization, Corroboration
Common Core: 
#1 (Gr. 6-12)

Assessment

Directions: 

Use the background information, your knowledge of history, and the photograph to answer the questions that follow.

Background Information: From 1899 to 1902 the United States was involved in an armed conflict with Filipino revolutionaries who opposed American occupation of the Philippines. This photograph of Filipino prisoners in Manila was taken by H.C. White in 1901.

Source: 

Title: "Prisoners in Postigo Prison, Manila, Philippines"
Photographer: H.C. White
Date: 1901

Question 1: How is the explosion of the USS Maine off the coast of Cuba on February 15, 1898, connected to the imprisonment of Filipinos by the American military in 1901?

Question 2: How is the popularity of Social Darwinism in the United States at the turn of the century connected to the imprisonment of Filipinos by the American military in 1901?

About the Assessment

This question assesses students' historical knowledge but does so in a way that transcends the rote recall of facts. To know history is to see connections between events across time.  This assessment asks students to draw on their knowledge of the past to construct an argument about how two events are connected. 

This student explains the relationship between the sinking of the American ship and the imprisonment of Filipino rebels in 1901.