Inca Fortification

Historical content: 
World History
Historical skills: 
Sourcing

Assessment

Directions: 

Examine the photograph and answer the questions that follow.

Source: 

The following photograph was taken in Cuzco, Peru, in 1907.

"The fort where native chiefs held off the 16th century Spaniards," American Stereoscopic Company, 1907.

Question 1: How might the photograph be useful as evidence of the Inca defense against the Spaniards?

Question 2: What about this source might make it less useful as evidence of the Inca defense against the Spaniards?

About the Assessment

Like the Slave Quarters assessment, this item requires students to consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of a document as historical evidence. Students with a sophisticated understanding of how to source a document will be able to explain that the photograph is useful in that it provides some evidence of Inca fortification against Spanish attacks. However, for Question 2, they will also observe that the photograph was taken centuries after the Spanish conquest of Tawantinsuyu and explain how that limits the its usefulness as evidence of how Inca resisted Spanish forces.