Use the image and source information to answer the question that follows.
This illustration by Alfred Bobbett from the 1870s shows French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm attempting to stop his Native American allies from massacring captured British soldiers and civilians at Fort William Henry in 1757 during the Seven Years’ War.
Additional facts related to the illustration:
1. Many Americans in the 1870s believed that Native Americans were barbaric.
2. The Native Americans allied with Montcalm did not all speak French and may not have understood his instructions to let their British prisoners live.
3. The British army recruited Native American allies during the Seven Years’ War.
Question: Which 1 of 3 the facts above might cause you to question the reliability of this illustration as a representation of what happened at Fort William Henry? Explain your reasoning.
About the Assessment
Like the Unions in Paterson, New Jersey assessment, this question gauges whether students can source and contextualize a document. Students must first examine an 1870s image of French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and then determine which fact can help them evaluate the reliability of the drawing as evidence of what happened at Fort William Henry. Strong students will be able to explain how prevailing attitudes about Native Americans (Fact 1) could affect how an artist depicts the past.