Use the background information, your knowledge of history, and the document to answer the questions that follow
Background Information: This Quran was created in Seville, Spain, in 1226 CE.
Title: “13th-Century Qur'an from Seville”
Date: 1226 CE
Question 1: How is the fact that this Quran was created in Seville, Spain, connected to the Reconquista?
Question 2: How is the fact that this Quran was created in Seville, Spain, connected to the Umayyad Caliphate?
About the Assessment
Students with a strong understanding of the past will explain that the fact this Quran was made in Seville points to the Islamic presence in the city in 1226. As an Islamic city in Iberia, it was the target of the Reconquista, which was raging at the time this Quran was completed. A strong response to the second question might explain that in the 8th century the Umayyad Caliphate expanded to Seville and beyond, establishing Islam as the dominant religion in Seville for centuries to come.